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Population and Development

Population growth
Population change through time
Rural to urban migration is a feature of LEDC

- Migration in Brazil
What might the examiner ask?

Population growth

Birth Rate - The number of babies born in a country each year per 1000 of the total population
Death Rate - The number of people in a country who die in a year out of every 1000 of the total population
Natural Increase/Growth rate - This is the birth rate minus the death rat
e (given as a percentage)

Population change through time

Birth
Rate
Reason
Death Rate
Reason
LEDCs High
  • No contraception
  • Couples have many babies to compensate for the high death rate caused by poor health care
  • Large families need to work in primary industries to contribute to family income
  • Children look after old
  • Religious reasons
  • High
  • Poor medical facilities
  • Disease
  • Poor nutrition
  • High Infant mortality
  • NICs High/
    Decreasing
  • People are used to having many children. Takes time for culture to change
  • Decreasing
  • As an economy develops money becomes available for better health care
  • Housing improves
  • Better childcare
  • MEDCs Low
  • Children are expensive
  • People know their children are going to survive so they can keep their families small
  • Widely available contraceptives
  • Low
  • Better health care
  • Better standard of living
  •  

    Rural to urban migration is a feature of LEDC - Migration in Brazil

    1. In Brazil, movements towards the South East industrial region (Sao Paulo etc) from the North East drought zone called the Caatinga.

    Why?

    Push Factors:

    • Drought
    • Poor standard of living

      Pull Factors:

    • Chance of a better job
    • Chance of a better standard of living
    • Chance of a better education

      2. In Brazil, movements towards the Amazon Rainforest from the North East drought zone called the Caatinga.

      Why?

      Push Factors:

    • Drought
    • Poor standard of living

      Pull Factors:

    • Settlers attracted by cheap land
    • Iron ore and HEP industry
    • Free plots of land offered by the Brazilian Government

    What might the examiner ask?

      1. Definitions BR/DR natural increase
      2. Working of model
      3. Characteristic stage for ELDC
      4. Recognition of level of development
     
     
     
     
     
     
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