Landuse models are simplified maps showing different land uses within a city.
Landuse models - MEDCs:
Make sure you can draw a landuse diagram for a city in an MEDC - More information coming soon!
Landuse models - LEDCs:
Make sure you can draw a landuse diagram for a city in an LEDC - More information coming soon!
Landuse models - What you need to know
Patterns of landuse in different cities - For Hull, Paris and Sao Paulo you need to know:
[TOP TIP - Make sure you can sketch a landuse map of an EU city (Paris), UK city and an LEDC city to show concentration of land uses & that you can compare and contrast the different land use patterns]
- Where the CBD is
- Where the industrial areas are
- The Different types of residential areas
- The main features of each land use
What might the examiner ask? - 1
- How do land uses concentrate?
- Where are land uses found?
- Are patterns different in different cities?
- Describe/Explain different patterns of landuse
Why do cities grow?
Urbanisation is the increase in the proportion of people living in towns and cities.
Urban growth in MEDCs
MEDCs have high levels of urbanisation. This is because they have industrialised. The movement of people from rural to urban areas followed the industrial revolution when there was a great demand for people to work in the factories that developed.
It took place throughout the 19th and Early 20th Centuries in Europe and North America. By 1950 most of the people in these two continents lived in urban areas. Urbanisation has not slowed in most MEDCs. In fact many large urban areas are now experiencing counter-urbanisation (movement of people out of town and cities). This is happening because:
- People are now more mobile than in the past so they can live further away from work
- Developments such as the fax and Email means more people can work from home
Urban growth in LEDCs
Since 1950 urbanisation has taken place mainly in LEDCs. This is mainly the result of push and pull factors:
- The greater opportunities to find work
- Better education
- Better health care
- Civil war
- Lack of opportunity
Shanty Towns/Favelas (Brazil)/Bustees (India)/Barrios (Mexico)
- The edge of cities in LEDCs (e.g. Sao Paulo)
- Only area of open space
- Close to industry
- Poor living conditions
- High population densities
- Illness and disease are common
- Waste and rubbish is dumped in the streets
- Many people do not have jobs
- Built out of scrap materials e.g. wood, corrugated iron, etc
How can local authorities help in LEDCs?
Self help Schemes - Sao Paulo:
- Local authorities provide building materials e.g. wood and breeze blocks; local residents provide labour supply
- Local authorities provide basic services (e.g. water, electricity and sewerage system) with the money saved
However, Local Authorities cannot keep up with the levels of rural to urban migration. Also, there is not enough money available for even the basic needs of the millions who have already migrated to these areas.
Urbanisation in LEDCs has led to an increase in million or millionaire cities (cities with a population of +1 million inhabitants).
What might the examiner ask?
- Compare pattern of land use in an LEDC with MEDC
- Describe the problems caused by rapid urbanisation in a named city
- How does the EU help in urban redevelopment?
- Describe the main features of shantytown.
- Describe the growth of an urban area in an LEDC, which you have studied.
- Explain the growth of an urban area in an LEDC, which you have studied.