is the farming system?
is an example of a primary industry. Like a factory, a farm
can be seen as a system with a series of inputs, processes
can be divided into human and physical factors. Human inputs
include labour, capital (money), machinery, seeds, fertiliser
and young stock. Physical inputs include climate and weather,
soil, relief (shape of the land) and slope.
are the things that go on within the farm. This includes
harvesting, ploughing, rearing animals and milking.
can farms be classified?
systems are determined by the type of farm. Farms
can be classified as being arable, pastoral, mixed and market
Arable farms grow crops. Pastoral farms specialise in rearing
animals. Mixed farms are both pastoral and arable.
that have a high level of inputs are intensive. These
achieve a high yield per hectare. An example would be arable
farming in East Anglia or rice farming in South East Asia.
farms that have low input and output per hectare are extensive.
An example would be a sheep farm in North Wales or a cattle
ranch in Brazil.
can also be classified by what happens to their outputs.
On subsistence farms the produce is consumed by the
farmer. Any surplus is usually sold to buy other goods.
Farms that sell the majority of their produce are known
as commercial farms.
of farm types:
sheep farming in Snowdonia. The poor soils and harsh
climate make this area ideal for hill sheep farming.
gardening in the Netherlands.
cultivation in the Amazon rainforest Nomadic pasturalism
in central Africa
farming in the Punjab region of India. The system requires
a large amount of inputs e.g. labour, seeds and fertilisers.
Usually the produce is consumed by the farmers. Any
food left over is traded for other food, machinery or