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You are here: home > geotopics > settlements > what are the functions of a settlement?

What is a settlement?
Settlements come in all different shapes, sizes and locations. The function of a settlement can be identified by looking at its shape, size, site and situation.


What are the functions of a settlement?

The function of a settlement is its main economic activity or purpose. Most settlements in MEDCs have multi-functions. This includes education, retail and industry. However, when settlements first formed they often had one main function. These functions included:

  • ports e.g. Liverpool
  • market towns e.g. Selby
  • seaside resorts e.g. Blackpool
  • fishing ports e.g. Hull
  • industrial towns e.g. Sheffield
  • dormitory settlements

 

 
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