Case Study - Ganges/Brahmaputra River Basin
Flooding is a significant problem in the Ganges/Brahmaputra river basin. They cause large scale problems in the low lying country of Bangladesh. There are both human and natural causes of flooding in this area.
Deforestation - Population increase in Nepal means there is a greater demand for food, fuel and building materials. As a result deforestation has increased significantly. This reduces interception and increases run-off. This leads to soil erosion. River channels fill with soil, the capacity of the River Ganges and Brahmaputra is reduced and flooding occurs.
Tectonic Activity - The Indian Plate is moving towards the Eurasian Plate. The land where they meet (Himalayas) is getting higher and steeper every year (fold mountains). As a result soil is becoming loose and is susceptible to erosion. This causes more soil and silt in rivers. This leads to flooding in Bangladesh.