is a shopping hierarchy?
can be placed into a hierarchy based on the services they
provide. At the bottom of the hierarchy are small shops
selling low order, convenience goods (e.g. bread and milk).
At the top are the shops selling high order goods (e.g.
furniture and electrical goods).
was the British shopping hierarchy of the 1960's and 1970's?
diagram above shows the shopping hierarchy for Britain in
the 1960s/70s. At the bottom are corner shops. These sell
low order goods. They are greater in number than any other
shopping area. Above the corner shops are suburban parades
and secondary centres. These sell middle order goods. This
is usually a mixture of convenience and specialist goods.
There are usually several of these areas within a large
settlement. At the top is the CBD (central business district
- town/city centre). There is usually only one CBD in a
town or city. The CBD contains shops which sell comparison
goods (shops containing goods which you will compare the
prices of - due to their expense!), luxury and specialist
is today's British shopping hierarchy?
you spot the difference between today's modern settlement
hierarchy with the hierarchy from the 1960's/70's?
CBD is no longer at the top of the shopping hierarchy It
has been superseded by regional shopping centres (e.g. Meadowhall,
The Metro Centre and Merryhill). Due to increased mobility
(the result of increased car ownership) people can travel
further to shops, visit shops with a wider range and volume
of stock and buy in bulk.
have also been other, less obvious, changes in the settlement
hierarchy For example the number of corner shops have reduced.
This is the result of greater mobility, the limited and
often expensive range of goods available and due to more
people being paid monthly they buy in bulk from supermarkets.
In some areas CBDs have declined due to competition with
regional shopping centres. Dudley is an examples of this.
The construction of the Merryhill Shopping Centre has caused
huge problems in Dudley the local CBD. Many shops have closed
or moved to the shopping centre.