Site and service schemes - these involve people being able to buy or rent a cheap piece of land on which they build their own home. They are provided with connections to services such as water and electricty and have good transport links
Self help schemes - these involve the residents being provided with building materials which they use to construct their own homes. People are given training and tools to do this. Low-interest loans may be provided to help people do this.
Rural investment - this involves improving the quality of life in rural areas to encourage people to stay instead of migrating to urban areas.